Theory Practice Gap
July 10, 2019
evaluate the differences between market structures
July 10, 2019

02.00 Carousel Of Progress Pre-Test

02.00 Carousel of Progress Pre-test

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Question 1 (Multiple Choice Worth 5 points)

[MC]

Which source would provide credible information to use in a writing project focusing on primate research efforts in the United States?

[removed] A blog by someone who volunteers at a research facility

[removed] A website that hosts scientists’ peer-reviewed studies

[removed] A website hosted by a biology club

[removed] A wiki site that allows users to post their own research


Question 2 (Multiple Choice Worth 5 points)

[MC]

Read the sentences below and answer the following question:

I would be able to attend the party. I could only arrive after the meal.

Which sentence below provides the best sentence variety using subordination?

[removed] After the meal service, I will arrive because I am attending the party.

[removed] I would be able to attend the party but only after the meal was served.

[removed] I would be arriving after the meal was served but was coming nonetheless.

[removed] While I would be able to attend the party, I could only arrive after the meal.


Question 3 (Multiple Choice Worth 5 points)

[MC]

Read the sentence below and answer the following question:

Had I right, for my own benefit, to inflict this curse upon everlasting generations?—Shelley, Frankenstein

Which of the following correctly describes the syntax of this excerpt?

[removed] Ending with the word generations emphasizes the narrator’s sense of importance.

[removed] Placing the phrase had I right at the beginning of the sentence emphasizes the narrator’s doubt.

[removed] Using the verb phrase to inflict emphasizes the painful nature of the narrator’s decision.

[removed] Using the word curse suggests the narrator sees himself as more powerful than he is.


Question 4 (Multiple Choice Worth 5 points)

[LC]

Read this excerpt from “Schenck v. U.S., 249 U.S. 47 (1919)” and answer the question that follows:

The document in question upon its first printed side recited the first section of the Thirteenth Amendment, said that the idea embodied in it was violated by the conscription act and that a conscript is little better than a convict. In impassioned language it intimated that conscription was despotism in its worst form and a monstrous wrong against humanity in the interest of Wall Street’s chosen few. It said, ‘Do not submit to intimidation,’ but in form at least confined itself to peaceful measures such as a petition for the repeal of the act. The other and later printed side of the sheet was headed ‘Assert Your Rights.’ It stated reasons for alleging that any one violated the Constitution when he refused to recognize ‘your right to assert your opposition to the draft,’ and went on, ‘If you do not assert and support your rights, you are helping to deny or disparage rights which it is the solemn duty of all citizens and residents of the United States to retain.’ It described the arguments on the other side as coming from cunning politicians and a mercenary capitalist press, and even silent consent to the conscription law as helping to support an infamous conspiracy.

Which of following describes an intended outcome of the protest document?

[removed] To deny or disparage rights

[removed] To violate the Thirteenth Amendment

[removed] To repeal of the conscription act

[removed] To submit to intimidation


Question 5 (Multiple Choice Worth 5 points)

[LC]

Read this excerpt from “Schenck v. U.S., 249 U.S. 47 (1919)” and answer the question that follows:

The document in question upon its first printed side recited the first section of the Thirteenth Amendment, said that the idea embodied in it was violated by the conscription act and that a conscript is little better than a convict. In impassioned language it intimated that conscription was despotism in its worst form and a monstrous wrong against humanity in the interest of Wall Street’s chosen few. It said, ‘Do not submit to intimidation,’ but in form at least confined itself to peaceful measures such as a petition for the repeal of the act. The other and later printed side of the sheet was headed ‘Assert Your Rights.’ It stated reasons for alleging that any one violated the Constitution when he refused to recognize ‘your right to assert your opposition to the draft,’ and went on, ‘If you do not assert and support your rights, you are helping to deny or disparage rights which it is the solemn duty of all citizens and residents of the United States to retain.’ It described the arguments on the other side as coming from cunning politicians and a mercenary capitalist press, and even silent consent to the conscription law as helping to support an infamous conspiracy.

Which of the following is a statement supported by the protest document?

[removed] Deny or disparage rights

[removed] Support an infamous conspiracy

[removed] Silently consent to the conscription

[removed] Do not submit to intimidation


Question 6 (Multiple Choice Worth 5 points)

[LC]

Which prefix and word combination correctly uses a hyphen?

[removed] Ex-husband

[removed] Pre-school

[removed] Etract

[removed] Re-tell


Question 7 (Multiple Choice Worth 5 points)

[LC]

Which pair correctly uses a hyphen?

[removed] Four-million

[removed] Two-thousand

[removed] One-hundred

[removed] Three-fifths


Question 8 (Multiple Choice Worth 5 points)

[MC]

A student is writing the conclusion to a research-based article about funding for the space program. Which of the following would best conclude that argument?

[removed] A statement that introduces a new idea

[removed] A statement that reiterates the significance on the topic

[removed] A statement that includes a quote from a famous astronaut

[removed] A statement that explains the student’s interest in the space program


Question 9 (Multiple Choice Worth 5 points)

[LC]

Read this excerpt from Federalist Paper No. 1 and answer the question that follows:

Federalist Papers: No. 1
General Introduction
For the Independent Journal
Author: Alexander Hamilton

To the People of the State of New York:

AFTER an unequivocal experience of the inefficiency of the subsisting federal government, you are called upon to deliberate on a new Constitution for the United States of America. The subject speaks its own importance; comprehending in its consequences nothing less than the existence of the UNION, the safety and welfare of the parts of which it is composed, the fate of an empire in many respects the most interesting in the world. It has been frequently remarked that it seems to have been reserved to the people of this country, by their conduct and example, to decide the important question, whether societies of men are really capable or not of establishing good government from reflection and choice, or whether they are forever destined to depend for their political constitutions on accident and force. If there be any truth in the remark, the crisis at which we are arrived may with propriety be regarded as the era in which that decision is to be made; and a wrong election of the part we shall act may, in this view, deserve to be considered as the general misfortune of mankind.

Among the most formidable of the obstacles which the new Constitution will have to encounter may readily be distinguished the obvious interest of a certain class of men in every State to resist all changes which may hazard a diminution of the power, emolument, and consequence of the offices they hold under the State establishments; and the perverted ambition of another class of men, who will either hope to aggrandize themselves by the confusions of their country, or will flatter themselves with fairer prospects of elevation from the subdivision of the empire into several partial confederacies than from its union under one government.

According to Hamilton’s writing in the second paragraph, what is one reason the new Constitution would be opposed?

[removed] Too many positions will be open for leaders in the newly created government.

[removed] Many people are interested in everyone being granted equal status.

[removed] People think it would be easier obtain powerful positions with a divided government.

[removed] The government already in place at the time was functioning well.


Question 10 (Multiple Choice Worth 5 points)

[LC]

Read this excerpt from Federalist Paper No. 1 and answer the question that follows:

Federalist Papers: No. 1
General Introduction
For the Independent Journal
Author: Alexander Hamilton

To the People of the State of New York:

AFTER an unequivocal experience of the inefficiency of the subsisting federal government, you are called upon to deliberate on a new Constitution for the United States of America. The subject speaks its own importance; comprehending in its consequences nothing less than the existence of the UNION, the safety and welfare of the parts of which it is composed, the fate of an empire in many respects the most interesting in the world. It has been frequently remarked that it seems to have been reserved to the people of this country, by their conduct and example, to decide the important question, whether societies of men are really capable or not of establishing good government from reflection and choice, or whether they are forever destined to depend for their political constitutions on accident and force. If there be any truth in the remark, the crisis at which we are arrived may with propriety be regarded as the era in which that decision is to be made; and a wrong election of the part we shall act may, in this view, deserve to be considered as the general misfortune of mankind.

Among the most formidable of the obstacles which the new Constitution will have to encounter may readily be distinguished the obvious interest of a certain class of men in every State to resist all changes which may hazard a diminution of the power, emolument, and consequence of the offices they hold under the State establishments; and the perverted ambition of another class of men, who will either hope to aggrandize themselves by the confusions of their country, or will flatter themselves with fairer prospects of elevation from the subdivision of the empire into several partial confederacies than from its union under one government.

Which phrase from the excerpt shows that Hamilton thinks other governments are closely watching the formation of government in the United States?

[removed] … The subject speaks its own importance; comprehending in its consequences nothing less than the existence of the UNION …

[removed] …the safety and welfare of the parts of which it is composed, the fate of an empire in many respects the most interesting in the world…

[removed] AFTER an unequivocal experience of the inefficiency of the subsisting federal government, you are called upon to deliberate on a new Constitution…

[removed] Among the most formidable of the obstacles which the new Constitution will have to encounter may readily be distinguished the obvious interest of a certain class of men in every State…


Question 11 (Multiple Choice Worth 5 points)

[MC]

Dominic has found the following information during the research process for his paper:

  • Building diagrams for a new energy-efficient construction project in his city
  • A news article detailing five international energy-producing building projects
  • A design magazine article describing the solar-energy-producing Sun-Moon Mansion
  • An interview with a landscape architect who designs clean-air plant-based projects for cities

What is the mostuseful next step in the writing process for Dominic?

[removed] Develop an outline for the supporting details of his paper.

[removed] Interview a local green builder who is completing a major project.

[removed] Refine his research question and look for more focused resources.

[removed] Refocus his research efforts to find more visual elements.


Question 12 (Multiple Choice Worth 5 points)

[LC]

Read this excerpt from “Schenck v. U.S., 249 U.S. 47 (1919)” and answer the question that follows:

The document in question upon its first printed side recited the first section of the Thirteenth Amendment, said that the idea embodied in it was violated by the conscription act and that a conscript is little better than a convict. In impassioned language it intimated that conscription was despotism in its worst form and a monstrous wrong against humanity in the interest of Wall Street’s chosen few. It said, ‘Do not submit to intimidation,’ but in form at least confined itself to peaceful measures such as a petition for the repeal of the act. The other and later printed side of the sheet was headed ‘Assert Your Rights.’ It stated reasons for alleging that any one violated the Constitution when he refused to recognize ‘your right to assert your opposition to the draft,’ and went on, ‘If you do not assert and support your rights, you are helping to deny or disparage rights which it is the solemn duty of all citizens and residents of the United States to retain.’ It described the arguments on the other side as coming from cunning politicians and a mercenary capitalist press, and even silent consent to the conscription law as helping to support an infamous conspiracy.

According to the protest document, what violates the Constitution?

[removed] Failure to consent to conscription

[removed] Confining oneself to peaceful measures

[removed] Petitioning for a repeal of the conscription act

[removed] Failure to assert and support your rights


Question 13 (Multiple Choice Worth 5 points)

[MC]

Read this excerpt from Federalist Paper No. 1 and answer the question that follows:

Federalist Papers: No. 1
General Introduction
For the Independent Journal
Author: Alexander Hamilton

It is not, however, my design to dwell upon observations of this nature. I am well aware that it would be disingenuous to resolve indiscriminately the opposition of any set of men (merely because their situations might subject them to suspicion) into interested or ambitious views. Candor will oblige us to admit that even such men may be actuated by upright intentions; and it cannot be doubted that much of the opposition which has made its appearance, or may hereafter make its appearance, will spring from sources, blameless at least, if not respectable–the honest errors of minds led astray by preconceived jealousies and fears. So numerous indeed and so powerful are the causes which serve to give a false bias to the judgment, that we, upon many occasions, see wise and good men on the wrong as well as on the right side of questions of the first magnitude to society. This circumstance, if duly attended to, would furnish a lesson of moderation to those who are ever so much persuaded of their being in the right in any controversy. And a further reason for caution, in this respect, might be drawn from the reflection that we are not always sure that those who advocate the truth are influenced by purer principles than their antagonists. Ambition, avarice, personal animosity, party opposition, and many other motives not more laudable than these, are apt to operate as well upon those who support as those who oppose the right side of a question. Were there not even these inducements to moderation, nothing could be more ill-judged than that intolerant spirit which has, at all times, characterized political parties. For in politics, as in religion, it is equally absurd to aim at making proselytes by fire and sword. Heresies in either can rarely be cured by persecution.

Which of the following statements supports the idea presented in this quote from the excerpt?

Were there not even these inducements to moderation, nothing could be more ill-judged than that intolerant spirit which has, at all times, characterized political parties.

[removed] Hamilton believed politician’s narrow-mindedness would have a negative effect.

[removed] Hamilton generally disliked politicians even though he was one of them.

[removed] Hamilton had many reasons to entice politicians to be moderate in their negotiations.

[removed] Hamilton thought politicians were the last people who should be writing a new Constitution.


Question 14 (Multiple Choice Worth 5 points)

[MC]

Read this excerpt from Federalist Paper No. 1 and answer the question that follows:

Federalist Papers: No. 1
General Introduction
For the Independent Journal
Author: Alexander Hamilton

Among the most formidable of the obstacles which the new Constitution will have to encounter may readily be distinguished the obvious interest of a certain class of men in every State to resist all changes which may hazard a diminution of the power, emolument, and consequence of the offices they hold under the State establishments; and the perverted ambition of another class of men, who will either hope to aggrandize themselves by the confusions of their country, or will flatter themselves with fairer prospects of elevation from the subdivision of the empire into several partial confederacies than from its union under one government.

Which of the following statements supports the idea presented in this quote from the excerpt?

Among the most formidable of the obstacles. . . may readily be distinguished the obvious interest of a certain class of men in every State to resist all changes which may hazard a diminution of the power …they hold under the State establishments…

[removed] Hamilton believed the best members of the committee to write the new Constitution had left for personal gain.

[removed] Hamilton feared that those tasked with creating the new Constitution would oppose reforms that limited their power.

[removed] Hamilton felt the obstacles facing the new Constitution would be too much to overcome.

[removed] Hamilton had few fears regarding those who were tasked with implementing the new Constitution.


Question 15 (Multiple Choice Worth 5 points)

[MC]

A student completing research for a project enters the following search terms:

Baseball AND history NOT semi-professional

Which of the following best describes the likely results of this search when following Boolean logic?

[removed] Sources that reference only general baseball history and exclude semi-professionals

[removed] Sources that reference only semi-professionals and history but not baseball in general

[removed] Sources that reference semi-professional baseball and history

[removed] Sources that reference semi-professional baseball only and not history


Question 16 (Multiple Choice Worth 5 points)

[MC]

A student completing research for a project enters the following search terms:

Pets AND diet NOT birds

Which of the following best describes the likely results of this search when following Boolean logic?

[removed] Sources that reference the diet of pets and birds

[removed] Sources that reference the diet of birds only

[removed] Sources that reference the diet of either pets or birds

[removed] Sources that reference the diet of pets but not birds


Question 17 (Multiple Choice Worth 5 points)

[LC]

The purpose of the Federalist Papers was to express concern about the weaknesses in the Articles of Confederation, the document that outlined the first government of the United States of America. Alexander Hamilton, among others, wrote the Federalist Papers to persuade doubtful New Yorkers to vote in favor of the stronger federal government proposed in the United States Constitution.

Read this excerpt from Federalist Paper No. 1 and answer the question that follows:

Federalist Papers: No. 1
General Introduction
For the Independent Journal
Author: Alexander Hamilton

To the People of the State of New York:

AFTER an unequivocal experience of the inefficiency of the subsisting federal government, you are called upon to deliberate on a new Constitution for the United States of America. The subject speaks its own importance; comprehending in its consequences nothing less than the existence of the UNION, the safety and welfare of the parts of which it is composed, the fate of an empire in many respects the most interesting in the world. It has been frequently remarked that it seems to have been reserved to the people of this country, by their conduct and example, to decide the important question, whether societies of men are really capable or not of establishing good government from reflection and choice, or whether they are forever destined to depend for their political constitutions on accident and force. If there be any truth in the remark, the crisis at which we are arrived may with propriety be regarded as the era in which that decision is to be made; and a wrong election of the part we shall act may, in this view, deserve to be considered as the general misfortune of mankind.

Among the most formidable of the obstacles which the new Constitution will have to encounter may readily be distinguished the obvious interest of a certain class of men in every State to resist all changes which may hazard a diminution of the power, emolument, and consequence of the offices they hold under the State establishments; and the perverted ambition of another class of men, who will either hope to aggrandize themselves by the confusions of their country, or will flatter themselves with fairer prospects of elevation from the subdivision of the empire into several partial confederacies than from its union under one government.

Based on this sentence from the first paragraph, why does Hamilton think it is important for the United States to be successful?

It has been frequently remarked that it seems to have been reserved to the people of this country, by their conduct and example, to decide the important question, whether societies of men are really capable or not of establishing good government from reflection and choice, or whether they are forever destined to depend for their political constitutions on accident and force.

[removed] Its success will give more power to other rulers around the world.

[removed] Without the United States, governments around the world will fall apart.

[removed] Its success will show that it is possible for people to make their own government.

[removed] Without the United States, people will have no reason to behave civilly.


Question 18 (Multiple Choice Worth 5 points)

[LC]

Read these two sentences:

  • I can see the point of those who argue that space projects should be a national priority.
  • I also see the problem with spending millions with so many other social problems that need solving.

Which transition word correctly links the two sentences?

[removed] Consequently

[removed] Conversely

[removed] Specifically

[removed] Regardless


Question 19 (Multiple Choice Worth 5 points)

[MC]

Which of the following would be most relevant to a research paper describing the benefits of composting kitchen waste?

[removed] Detailed analysis of the nutrients from typical kitchen waste

[removed] Information on how to construct a productive compositor system

[removed] Personal testimony from a family who composts 90 percent of their waste

[removed] Studies indicating an increase in home production of vegetables


Question 20 (Multiple Choice Worth 5 points)

[HC]

Read this excerpt from Federalist Paper No. 1 and answer the question that follows:

Federalist Papers: No. 1
General Introduction
For the Independent Journal
Author: Alexander Hamilton

It is not, however, my design to dwell upon observations of this nature. I am well aware that it would be disingenuous to resolve indiscriminately the opposition of any set of men (merely because their situations might subject them to suspicion) into interested or ambitious views. Candor will oblige us to admit that even such men may be actuated by upright intentions; and it cannot be doubted that much of the opposition which has made its appearance, or may hereafter make its appearance, will spring from sources, blameless at least, if not respectable–the honest errors of minds led astray by preconceived jealousies and fears. So numerous indeed and so powerful are the causes which serve to give a false bias to the judgment, that we, upon many occasions, see wise and good men on the wrong as well as on the right side of questions of the first magnitude to society. This circumstance, if duly attended to, would furnish a lesson of moderation to those who are ever so much persuaded of their being in the right in any controversy. And a further reason for caution, in this respect, might be drawn from the reflection that we are not always sure that those who advocate the truth are influenced by purer principles than their antagonists. Ambition, avarice, personal animosity, party opposition, and many other motives not more laudable than these, are apt to operate as well upon those who support as those who oppose the right side of a question. Were there not even these inducements to moderation, nothing could be more ill-judged than that intolerant spirit which has, at all times, characterized political parties. For in politics, as in religion, it is equally absurd to aim at making proselytes by fire and sword. Heresies in either can rarely be cured by persecution.

Which statement correctly states the purpose of this excerpt?

[removed] To call out those who have impeded the process of reform

[removed] To create distance between the author and those who are personally ambitious

[removed] To name the historical desires that influence powerful men

[removed] To set a productive tone for the process of constitutional reform

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