Write a critique of the provided article “All for One, and One for All”
The critique must include 1) an evaluative thesis, 2) an unbiased summary of the writer’s argument, and 3) a logical analysis of the author’s argument that supports your evaluation (thesis).
All for One, and One for All Charles Taylor olidarity is essential to democratic societies; otherwise, they fall apart, I SThey cannOt function beyond a certain level of mutual distrust or a sense on the part of some members that other members have aban~ doned them. Many view the development of an individualistic outlook as
the greateSt threat?to solidarity. But this is closely linked to a diminishing sense of common identity.
It?s no accident, for example, that Europe?s most successful welfare 2
states were created in ethnically homogeneous Scandinavia. People in those
countries had the sense that they could understand their neighbours and
fellow citizens, and that they shared a close link with them.
The challenge nowadays is to maintain that sense of intense solidarity 3
amid diversifying populations. There are two ways to do this. One is to hark
back to older modes of solidarity. French identity, for example, is based on
the country?s unique brand of republican secularism, known as lai’cit?. But
France?s efforts to shore up solidarity by insisting on lai’cz’te? and erecting a
dam against Muslim immigrants are both ineffective and counterproduc-tive, because they exclude from a sense of fully belonging to the nation many people
Charles Taylor (b. 1931) is a Canadian philoso- who are already in France.1
pher who has held professorships at Oxford The other way to preserve solidarity 4
University in England and McGill University in
Montreal. He has been active in politics and isa 18 Eo redefine Identity. A? democratic
defender ofCanadian nationalism.ln i99l,he socretles are faced With the challengCOOf
delivered the Massey Lecture that was published r edefinlng the? identity in dialogue wuh
as Th e Malaise of Modernity. He has published some elements that are external, and some
Reconciling theSolitudes: Essays on Canadian that are internal. Consider the influence
FederalismandNationalism (1993) and is most of feminiSI movements throughout the
famous for his book Multiculturalism: Examining WeSt. These are not people who came
thePolitics ofRecognition (1994), which has been from outside their countries. They are
translated into several languages. He follows in people who, in some ways, lacked full citi-l
the philosophical tradition of Martin Heidegger, zenship, who demanded it, and who fade.
Hans-Georg Gadamer, and Ludwig Wittgenstein. lined the political order by obtaining it.
Reprinted by permission from CharlesTaylor. ?All for One The great task is to calm the fears that 5
and OneforAIl.? From TheGlabeandMail,SeptemberZO,
2010.p.A21. . our traditions are being undermined;
to reach out to peOple who are coming