Research this question through the usual sources and answer it as fully as possible. On a separate sheet of paper, type your answers 6 paragraphs (3 pages) in length, although longer is acceptable. Please make a copy for yourself. This is to completed for Class 14 so that it can be returned for the last class. Good luck!

Julius Caesar left a lasting impression on Roman culture that has, in turn, filtered down to the present day. One of the many practical problems he attempted to resolve was the antiquated Roman calendar. This essay involves researching the Julian Calendar that he instituted and the later Christian replacement.

? Describe the Julian Calendar; including what cycle it measures and how long does that cycle last, as well as what name-sake honors are included.
? What were the problems with this calendar?
? Why did the Christian Church need to change the old calendar and what calendar did they ultimately institute? Describe it briefly.
? What other types of calendars are still in use today and how do they differ from the Christian calendar? (provide some names of days, months, etc.)
? Do you think the current calendar should be changed? Why should it change or why should it remain?

Web Sources:
Make sure to check who the authors or producers are for each website and include that in your bibliography listing.

Calendars through the Ages
http://webexhibits.org/calendars/calendar-christian.html#SECTION00310000000000000000

(To retrieve APA citation, select ABOUT tab then CITATIONS. If you go to a different page, that must be cited too. Example below:)

Douma, M., curator. (2008). The Christian Calendar. In Calendars through the Ages. Retrieved current date, from http://webexhibits.org/calendars/calendar-christian.html#SECTION00310000000000000000

L. E. Doggett, Calendars
http://astro.nmsu.edu/~lhuber/leaphist.html

Peter Meyer, The Julian and Gregorian Calendars
http://www.hermetic.ch/cal_stud/cal_art.html

Criteria for grading Essay 3

The below criteria will be used by your instructor to evaluate your written portion of the project. Please review the criteria for each of the five areas of the project. Plagiarism penalties will be evaluated separately.

Content in the essay

Behavior Emerging
Behavior Developing
Behavior Present
Description of the Julian calendar including problems is not present or vague
Description of the Julian calendar including problems is general or incomplete
Description of the Julian calendar including problems is detailed or specific
0.
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.

Behavior Emerging
Behavior Developing
Behavior Present
Description of Christian church changes and reason for change is not present or vague
Description of Christian church changes and reason for change is general or incomplete
Description of Christian church changes and reason for change is detailed or specific
0.
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.

Behavior Emerging
Behavior Developing
Behavior Present
Description of other calendars and differences with Christian calendar is not present or vague
Description of other calendars and differences with Christian calendar is general or incomplete
Description of other calendars and differences with Christian calendar is detailed or specific
0.
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.

Behavior Emerging
Behavior Developing
Behavior Present
Opinion of the current calendar usage is not present or vague
Opinion of the current calendar usage is general or incomplete
Opinion of the current calendar usage is detailed or specific
0.
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.

Formal essay qualities of the assignment – APA paper format

Behavior Emerging
Behavior Developing
Behavior Present
The formal development of the essay is not present or vague
The formal development of the essay is general or incomplete
The formal development of the essay is detailed or specific
0.
2.
4.
6.
8.
10.

*****Plagiarism penalties and other forms of academic dishonesty*****

Point deductions for plagiarism will be added per occurrence. See the Plagiarism Handout for descriptions of penalties. Submissions of essays that are unknowingly plagiarized risk having to resubmit the project and receiving half credit. Purposefully deceptive plagiarism submissions risk failure of the assignment and notification of the department chair for appropriate disciplinary action.