Answer ONE question from this part.
(III-1) Examine the arguments in the first Meditation through which Descartes tries to call all his previous beliefs into doubt. Are the arguments successful in achieving the aim of the Meditations in rendering all beliefs doubtful?
(III-2) Outline Hobbes’ notions of the state of nature and the social contract. Why is Hobbes prepared to give so much power to a ruler? Do you think that a ruler ought to have as much power as Hobbes wants to give them?
(III-3) Summarize Locke’s account of the way in which a ruler comes to have rightful authority over people. Do you agree with his account? Explain your answer.
(III-4) Explain Locke’s account of “initial acquisition”. Critically evaluate it.