Directions: Answer the questions listed below. Your response to each question should be at least one page in length and provide strong examples and details.
1. How did the allies fashion a peace settlement 1815, and what radical ideas emerged between 1815 and 1848?
2. How did strong leaders and nation-building transform Italy, Germany, and Russia?
3. How did nationalism and socialism shape European politics in the decades before the Great War?
4. What was the impact of urban growth on cities, social classes, families, and ideas?