Week1Assignment 1 Lab Guide and Exemplar

1a)     Trace Route to www.bbc.co.uk

Tracing route to www.bbc.net.uk [212.58.244.70]
over a maximum of 30 hops:

1&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; <1 ms&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; <1 ms&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; <1 ms&nbsp; router.asus.com [192.168.2.1]
2&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; *&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; *&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; *&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; Request timed out.
3&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; 6 ms&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; 8 ms&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; 7 ms&nbsp; tge7-3.ausutxla01h.texas.rr.com [66.68.2.150]
4&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; 11 ms&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; 9 ms&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; 9 ms&nbsp; tge0-15-0-0.ausutxla02r.texas.rr.com [66.68.2.25]
5&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; 9 ms&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; 9 ms&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; 9 ms&nbsp; agg10.ausutxla01r.texas.rr.com [24.175.41.204]
6&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; 12 ms&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; 15 ms&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; 14 ms&nbsp; agg22.dllatxl301r.texas.rr.com [24.175.41.46]
7&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; 16 ms&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; 13 ms&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; 14 ms&nbsp; 107.14.19.92
8&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; 12 ms&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; 14 ms&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; 13 ms&nbsp; ae0.pr1.dfw10.tbone.rr.com [107.14.17.232]
9&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; 13 ms&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; 17 ms&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; 12 ms&nbsp; dls-bb1-link.telia.net [213.248.93.189]
10&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; 45 ms&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; 44 ms&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; 44 ms&nbsp; ash-bb3-link.telia.net [80.91.252.121]
11&nbsp;&nbsp; 120 ms&nbsp;&nbsp; 121 ms&nbsp;&nbsp; 146 ms&nbsp; ldn-bb1-link.telia.net [80.91.249.100]
12&nbsp;&nbsp; 166 ms&nbsp;&nbsp; 170 ms&nbsp;&nbsp; 171 ms&nbsp; ldn-b3-link.telia.net [213.155.133.3]
13&nbsp;&nbsp; 122 ms&nbsp;&nbsp; 121 ms&nbsp;&nbsp; 120 ms&nbsp; atos-ic-124708-ldn-b2.c.telia.net [213.248.104.70]
14&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; *&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; *&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; *&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; Request timed out.
15&nbsp;&nbsp; 122 ms&nbsp;&nbsp; 123 ms&nbsp;&nbsp; 121 ms&nbsp; ae0.er01.telhc.bbc.co.uk [132.185.254.109]
16&nbsp;&nbsp; 163 ms&nbsp;&nbsp; 161 ms&nbsp;&nbsp; 155 ms&nbsp; 132.185.255.149
17&nbsp;&nbsp; 155 ms&nbsp;&nbsp; 150 ms&nbsp;&nbsp; 152 ms&nbsp; bbc-vip115.telhc.bbc.co.uk [212.58.244.70]

Trace complete.

1b)&nbsp;&nbsp; &nbsp;Our ISP is Time Warner Cable. It can be first identified in hop 3 as texas.rr.com. The rr is for Road Runner which was a brand name for high speed broadband internet access from Time Warner Cable (Dampier, 2012). The packet is passed through various Time Warner routers until hop 8 after which it is passed into the Internet backbone.

1c) &nbsp;&nbsp; &nbsp;The host server IP is 212.58.244.70.

1d)&nbsp;&nbsp; &nbsp;In steps 3-5, the packet is in Austin, TX indicated by ausutx. Then, it is in Dallas, TX for steps 6-9 indicated by dllatx, dfw, and dls. After that, it goes to Ashburn, VA in step 10 indicated by ash to get London, UK indicated by ldn in steps 12 and 13.

1e)&nbsp;&nbsp; &nbsp;The Tier 1 Internet backbone provider was TeliaSonera International Carrier indicated by the telia.net in hops 9-12.

2a)&nbsp;&nbsp; &nbsp;www.whatismyip.com gives my IPv4 address as 66.68.147.193.

2b)&nbsp;&nbsp; &nbsp;Please provide your own description of and explanation for the trace route to your own IP address.

2c)&nbsp;&nbsp; &nbsp;www.whatismyipv6.com gives my IPv6 address as 2605:6000:1007:c040:fd9b:13b:5b3:26cb.

2d) &nbsp;&nbsp; &nbsp;Please provide your own description of the difference between IPv4 and IPv6 addresses and explain why both are utilized. Be sure to provide in-text citations and references to support your explanation.

3a) &nbsp;&nbsp; &nbsp;Please list both dynamic IPv4 addresses.

3b)&nbsp;&nbsp; &nbsp;Please list both static IPv4 addresses.

3c)&nbsp;&nbsp; &nbsp;Please explain in your own words why each device on a network must have a unique IP address.Be sure to provide in-text citations and references to support your explanation.

3d)&nbsp;&nbsp; &nbsp;Please explain in your own words how an Internet gateway works. Be sure to provide in-text citations and references to support your explanation.

4a)&nbsp;&nbsp; &nbsp;Ethernet adapter Ethernet 2:

Connection-specific DNS Suffix&nbsp; . : WORKGROUP
Description . . . . . . . . . . . : dynadock Ethernet
Physical Address. . . . . . . . . : 00-50-B6-62-2A-2C
DHCP Enabled. . . . . . . . . . . : Yes
Autoconfiguration Enabled . . . . : Yes
IPv6 Address. . . . . . . . . . . : 2605:6000:1007:c040:f43f:aa49:2b7b:5698(Preferred)
Temporary IPv6 Address. . . . . . : 2605:6000:1007:c040:c1f1:92a7:bfbb:dfdb(Preferred)
Link-local IPv6 Address . . . . . : fe80::f43f:aa49:2b7b:5698%8(Preferred)
IPv4 Address. . . . . . . . . . . : 192.168.0.136(Preferred)
Subnet Mask . . . . . . . . . . . : 255.255.255.0
Lease Obtained. . . . . . . . . . : Wednesday, May 7, 2014 10:00:27 AM
Lease Expires . . . . . . . . . . : Thursday, May 8, 2014 10:00:26 AM
Default Gateway . . . . . . . . . : fe80::e23f:49ff:fef6:4c50%8
192.168.0.1
DHCP Server . . . . . . . . . . . : 192.168.0.1
DHCPv6 IAID . . . . . . . . . . . : 385896630
DHCPv6 Client DUID. . . . . . . . : 00-01-00-01-19-D3-C7-AF-00-50-B6-62-2A-2C
DNS Servers . . . . . . . . . . . : 8.8.8.8
192.168.0.1
Primary WINS Server . . . . . . . : 192.168.0.1
NetBIOS over Tcpip. . . . . . . . : Enabled

4b)&nbsp;&nbsp; &nbsp;The computer utilizes a wired Ethernet connection. The network adapter is identified by the physical or mac address 00-50-B6-62-2A-2C. The connection’s IPv4 address, 192.168.0.136, was assigned through DHCP by a server at 192.168.0.1. The Internet gateway and DNS proxy are also 192.168.0.1 indicating this is likely an all-in-one router. The connection’s external IPv6 address is 2605:6000:1007:c040:c1f1:92a7:bfbb:dfdb and is changed once a day to avoid address tracking. The connection’s local IPv6 address is fe80::f43f:aa49:2b7b:5698 and was assigned by the router.

4c)&nbsp;&nbsp; &nbsp;Please explain what a “Physical Address” is in your own words. Be sure to provide in-text citations and references to support your explanation.

5)&nbsp;&nbsp; &nbsp;Please describe in your own words why Internet access appears to be automatic to most users despite the configuration requirements described here. Be sure to provide in-text citations and references to support your explanation.

&nbsp;

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Week1Assignment 1 Lab Guide and Exemplar

1a) &nbsp;&nbsp; &nbsp;Trace Route to www.bbc.co.uk

Tracing route to www.bbc.net.uk [212.58.244.70]
over a maximum of 30 hops:

1&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; <1 ms&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; <1 ms&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; <1 ms&nbsp; router.asus.com [192.168.2.1]
2&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; *&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; *&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; *&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; Request timed out.
3&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; 6 ms&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; 8 ms&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; 7 ms&nbsp; tge7-3.ausutxla01h.texas.rr.com [66.68.2.150]
4&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; 11 ms&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; 9 ms&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; 9 ms&nbsp; tge0-15-0-0.ausutxla02r.texas.rr.com [66.68.2.25]
5&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; 9 ms&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; 9 ms&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; 9 ms&nbsp; agg10.ausutxla01r.texas.rr.com [24.175.41.204]
6&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; 12 ms&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; 15 ms&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; 14 ms&nbsp; agg22.dllatxl301r.texas.rr.com [24.175.41.46]
7&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; 16 ms&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; 13 ms&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; 14 ms&nbsp; 107.14.19.92
8&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; 12 ms&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; 14 ms&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; 13 ms&nbsp; ae0.pr1.dfw10.tbone.rr.com [107.14.17.232]
9&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; 13 ms&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; 17 ms&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; 12 ms&nbsp; dls-bb1-link.telia.net [213.248.93.189]
10&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; 45 ms&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; 44 ms&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; 44 ms&nbsp; ash-bb3-link.telia.net [80.91.252.121]
11&nbsp;&nbsp; 120 ms&nbsp;&nbsp; 121 ms&nbsp;&nbsp; 146 ms&nbsp; ldn-bb1-link.telia.net [80.91.249.100]
12&nbsp;&nbsp; 166 ms&nbsp;&nbsp; 170 ms&nbsp;&nbsp; 171 ms&nbsp; ldn-b3-link.telia.net [213.155.133.3]
13&nbsp;&nbsp; 122 ms&nbsp;&nbsp; 121 ms&nbsp;&nbsp; 120 ms&nbsp; atos-ic-124708-ldn-b2.c.telia.net [213.248.104.70]
14&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; *&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; *&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; *&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; Request timed out.
15&nbsp;&nbsp; 122 ms&nbsp;&nbsp; 123 ms&nbsp;&nbsp; 121 ms&nbsp; ae0.er01.telhc.bbc.co.uk [132.185.254.109]
16&nbsp;&nbsp; 163 ms&nbsp;&nbsp; 161 ms&nbsp;&nbsp; 155 ms&nbsp; 132.185.255.149
17&nbsp;&nbsp; 155 ms&nbsp;&nbsp; 150 ms&nbsp;&nbsp; 152 ms&nbsp; bbc-vip115.telhc.bbc.co.uk [212.58.244.70]

Trace complete.

1b)&nbsp;&nbsp; &nbsp;Our ISP is Time Warner Cable. It can be first identified in hop 3 as texas.rr.com. The rr is for Road Runner which was a brand name for high speed broadband internet access from Time Warner Cable (Dampier, 2012). The packet is passed through various Time Warner routers until hop 8 after which it is passed into the Internet backbone.

1c) &nbsp;&nbsp; &nbsp;The host server IP is 212.58.244.70.

1d)&nbsp;&nbsp; &nbsp;In steps 3-5, the packet is in Austin, TX indicated by ausutx. Then, it is in Dallas, TX for steps 6-9 indicated by dllatx, dfw, and dls. After that, it goes to Ashburn, VA in step 10 indicated by ash to get London, UK indicated by ldn in steps 12 and 13.

1e)&nbsp;&nbsp; &nbsp;The Tier 1 Internet backbone provider was TeliaSonera International Carrier indicated by the telia.net in hops 9-12.

2a)&nbsp;&nbsp; &nbsp;www.whatismyip.com gives my IPv4 address as 66.68.147.193.

2b)&nbsp;&nbsp; &nbsp;Please provide your own description of and explanation for the trace route to your own IP address.

2c)&nbsp;&nbsp; &nbsp;www.whatismyipv6.com gives my IPv6 address as 2605:6000:1007:c040:fd9b:13b:5b3:26cb.

2d) &nbsp;&nbsp; &nbsp;Please provide your own description of the difference between IPv4 and IPv6 addresses and explain why both are utilized. Be sure to provide in-text citations and references to support your explanation.

3a) &nbsp;&nbsp; &nbsp;Please list both dynamic IPv4 addresses.

3b)&nbsp;&nbsp; &nbsp;Please list both static IPv4 addresses.

3c)&nbsp;&nbsp; &nbsp;Please explain in your own words why each device on a network must have a unique IP address.Be sure to provide in-text citations and references to support your explanation.

3d)&nbsp;&nbsp; &nbsp;Please explain in your own words how an Internet gateway works. Be sure to provide in-text citations and references to support your explanation.

4a)&nbsp;&nbsp; &nbsp;Ethernet adapter Ethernet 2:

Connection-specific DNS Suffix&nbsp; . : WORKGROUP
Description . . . . . . . . . . . : dynadock Ethernet
Physical Address. . . . . . . . . : 00-50-B6-62-2A-2C
DHCP Enabled. . . . . . . . . . . : Yes
Autoconfiguration Enabled . . . . : Yes
IPv6 Address. . . . . . . . . . . : 2605:6000:1007:c040:f43f:aa49:2b7b:5698(Preferred)
Temporary IPv6 Address. . . . . . : 2605:6000:1007:c040:c1f1:92a7:bfbb:dfdb(Preferred)
Link-local IPv6 Address . . . . . : fe80::f43f:aa49:2b7b:5698%8(Preferred)
IPv4 Address. . . . . . . . . . . : 192.168.0.136(Preferred)
Subnet Mask . . . . . . . . . . . : 255.255.255.0
Lease Obtained. . . . . . . . . . : Wednesday, May 7, 2014 10:00:27 AM
Lease Expires . . . . . . . . . . : Thursday, May 8, 2014 10:00:26 AM
Default Gateway . . . . . . . . . : fe80::e23f:49ff:fef6:4c50%8
192.168.0.1
DHCP Server . . . . . . . . . . . : 192.168.0.1
DHCPv6 IAID . . . . . . . . . . . : 385896630
DHCPv6 Client DUID. . . . . . . . : 00-01-00-01-19-D3-C7-AF-00-50-B6-62-2A-2C
DNS Servers . . . . . . . . . . . : 8.8.8.8
192.168.0.1
Primary WINS Server . . . . . . . : 192.168.0.1
NetBIOS over Tcpip. . . . . . . . : Enabled

4b)&nbsp;&nbsp; &nbsp;The computer utilizes a wired Ethernet connection. The network adapter is identified by the physical or mac address 00-50-B6-62-2A-2C. The connection’s IPv4 address, 192.168.0.136, was assigned through DHCP by a server at 192.168.0.1. The Internet gateway and DNS proxy are also 192.168.0.1 indicating this is likely an all-in-one router. The connection’s external IPv6 address is 2605:6000:1007:c040:c1f1:92a7:bfbb:dfdb and is changed once a day to avoid address tracking. The connection’s local IPv6 address is fe80::f43f:aa49:2b7b:5698 and was assigned by the router.

4c)&nbsp;&nbsp; &nbsp;Please explain what a “Physical Address” is in your own words. Be sure to provide in-text citations and references to support your explanation.

5)&nbsp;&nbsp; &nbsp;Please describe in your own words why Internet access appears to be automatic to most users despite the configuration requirements described here. Be sure to provide in-text citations and references to support your explanation.

&nbsp;

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