Labeling theorists are adamant about the labels that offenders are given throughout the criminal justice system. Labels, such as ex-felons, are deepening the very behavior that they are meant to halt because of stereotypes that incite an individual trying to recover after a prison term. The labeling theory argues that the criminal justice system is limited in its capacity to restrain unlawful conduct but also is a major factor in anchoring people into criminal careers.

 

The cultural deviance theory explains the causes of criminal behavior in urban areas are not about the poverty suffered in those areas but the product of a distinct lower-class culture whose focal concern is deviance against the norms of society.

The theory identified 3 influential versions:

 

  • Lower-class culture as a whole is responsible for generating crime in urban areas.
  • Urban lower-class areas produce subcultures that are responsible for the rise of crime.
  • Subcultures of crimes in urban areas where individuals come together to band in creating crimes for their own personal gain and satisfaction

Write a 5–6 page paper answering the following questions:

 

  • What would be another theory and strategy to avoid stereotyping individuals in the criminal justice system?
    • Is labeling theory a legitimate crime causation theory? Why?
  • In your opinion, where do gangs fit in the 3 influential versions of cultural deviance theory? Why?
  • Which one of the two theories would you use to explain the following problem:
    • The number of youths joining gangs in the inner city has doubled, while the number of gang leaders serving time in prison and being released after good conduct has increased. The crime rate for gang violence has risen 20% from last year.

Requirements

 

  • Your opinion statements must be justified by theory or real-life strategies and practices of law enforcement activity.
  • The explanation of cause of criminality in question 3 must use the case provided.
  • You must use the labeling theory or cultural deviance theory in answering questions.
  • You must use APA style in citing and creating your reference page.
  •  You need at least 5 refrences

 

 

 

 

Second Question…

 

A forensic psychologist is often hired by the defense or the prosecutor to assist with jury selection. Using the library, Internet, or any other available materials, discuss in detail the following:

 

  • What would this psychologist be looking for during voir dire and in investigations of the jury pool?
  • What, if any, different analysis techniques might a psychologist use when assisting the defense versus assisting the prosecution?
  • Why would the items being investigated be important to the defense or to the prosecution?

3 pages plus 1 reference page..at least 3 refrences and in text citations

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