You have to find 20 articles (THEY SHOULD BE EDUCATION) FROM GOOGLE SCHOLAR, AND YOU HAVE TO WRITE ABOUT THESE VARIABLES(COMMUNICATION SATISFACTION, LEVEL OF ENGLISH LANGUAGE COMPETENCE, AND SENSE OF COMMUNITY)
More specifics on Literature Reviews
? The purpose of a literature review is to analyze critically a segment of a published body of knowledge through summary, classification, and comparison of prior research studies, reviews of literature, and theoretical articles.
? The literature review should be building an argument, based on previous academic studies, toward the ASKING of Research Questions or PROPOSING Hypotheses.
Why are Literature Reviews important??
? They locate our research question within the scholarly debate relevant to our concerns
? We don’t need to reinvent the wheel, so we need to discover what has been done and represent it
? We let the reader see the history of the question and demonstrate that we have done our homework
? We identify what has not been done, or what has not been done well (gaps in theory, methodology, or just never been pondered)
Use the following steps in writing your literature review
1. Organize your sources by detecting a pattern that helps you explain why one group of sources comes up with one answer and another group comes up with another answer. Creating a matrix is a very effective way of doing this.
2. Summarize these different groups of sources in terms of how they address the question: what methodology, evidence, critical concepts, etc. do they employ?
3. Analyze the content of these sources in terms of the answer they provide to your central question or in terms of the question they raise (which may be slightly different from your question). Show how they offer important insights. Show how they neglect particular areas.
4. Keep in mind that literature reviews ARE NOT annotated bibliographies. They require integration and synthesis of content, not just a review in each paragraph. Great source for learning to synthesize http://lgdata.s3-website-us-east-1.amazonaws.com/docs/1128/236532/Literature_Review_and_Synthesis.pdf
5. Use subheadings (and even sub-sub headings if necessary)
6. Incorporate transitions.
The finished literature review should:
? Group research studies and other types of literature (reviews, theoretical articles, case studies, etc.) according to common denominators such as sub-topic, qualitative versus quantitative approaches, conclusions of authors, specific purpose or objective, chronology, etc.
? Summarize individual studies or articles with as much or as little detail as each merits according to its comparative importance in the literature, remembering that space (length) denotes significance.
? Provide the reader with strong “umbrella” sentences at beginnings of paragraphs, “signposts” throughout, and brief “so what” summary sentences at intermediate points in the review to aid in understanding comparisons and analyses.
? End the literature review with a summary and your HQ or hypothesis
? Summarize major contributions of significant studies and articles to the body of knowledge under review, maintaining the focus established in the introduction.
? Evaluate the current “state of the art” for the body of knowledge reviewed, pointing out major methodological flaws or gaps in research, inconsistencies in theory and findings, and areas or issues pertinent to future study.
? Conclude by providing some insight into the relationship between the central topic of the literature review and a larger area of study such as a discipline, a scientific endeavor, or a profession.
? Once you have thoroughly built your argument for it, you may introduce the RQs and/or Hypotheses.