NAEYC Standard 1: Promoting Child Development and Learning

Students know and understand young children’s characteristics and needs.

Students know and understand the multiple influences on development and learning.

Students use developmental knowledge to create healthy, respectful, supportive, and challenging learning environments.

NAEYC Supportive Skills

SS3 Written and Verbal Communication: Well-prepared associate degree graduates have strong skills in written and verbal communication.  Students are technologically literate.

Required Component

This assignment (key assessment) is required for completion of this course.  If this assignment is not completed with 70% of possible points, (at least 210 points of the 300 possible on each case study), you will not receive a passing grade in this class.  If you do not earn at least 210 points, you will be allowed one revision on each case study (revision= maximum grade of 210 points).  See syllabus for more details.  For each Case Study, Turnitin may be used at the professor’s discretion.

Case Study Description

The purpose of this case study is to observe and write a detailed description of a child as viewed by you, the writer, with respect to the developmental domains specified below.  You will select and report on a child in each of the four case studies: 1.) infant or toddler (ages 0-2), 2.)  Preschool (ages 3-5), 3.)  Middle childhood (ages 6-11), and 4.)  Adolescence (ages 12-18).  Be sure to report the child’s current level in each domain.  You may choose any child EXCEPT your own, for example, extended family members, neighbors, or friends.  If you have any questions or concerns regarding selection of children, contact your professor.

Your report should be written in formal academic language.  Your report should be an objective evaluation using information gathered from direct observation.  You may supplement this information with facts provided by the family or caregiver.  Examples of objective reporting are:  “The mother reports Jason feels more secure when he sleeps with his teddy bear,” or “The caregiver stated that Gina shares her crayons at the art table with any child who needs crayons.”  The case study should NOT include subjective (opinion) statements such as:  “Jason seems like a secure child,” or “Gina is the nicest girl in the room.”  Be as thorough as possible with the data available to you.  Include as much factual data as you can to “paint” a comprehensive picture of the child

You will be required to have at least one parent sign the Case Study Consent form for each report.  Your report will NOT be graded without this form.  If you have requested an alternative Case Study (Case Study 4 ONLY) from your instructor, this will not be necessary.

Case Study Outline

Use the following headings, prompts, and rubric to guide you as you write each section of the case study.  Type the headings for each section.  Provide plenty of descriptions and details.  Use only the summary section to include any relevant personal interpretations, opinions, or conclusions.  Case study requirements include college level writing (approximately 1000 words, double-spaced). 

Use the following format for each of the four case studies:

Introduction

Include the following descriptors:

Give the child’s name, age, family make up, and a brief description of physical appearance.

Describe the child’s environment at home, childcare and/or school.

Describe characteristics that identify the socioeconomic status of the child’s family.  Instead of reporting income, report items such as parents’ education level, housing and neighborhood, current job, etc.  Please do not ask the family any personal income questions!

Tell why you have chosen this child.

Physical Development NAEYC STANDARD 1a

Specifically describe the current child’s small (fine) skills, with examples from direct observation.

Specifically describe the child’s current large (gross) motor skills, with examples from direct observation.

Give any background about the child’s health, nutrition, and rest habits.

*Compare the child to the norms for children this age, using in-text citations.

Cognitive Development NAEYC STANDARD 1a

Describe evidence of learning from your observations and other sources, parents, teachers, grades, etc.

Identify specific areas of strength and areas that need improvement (memory, attention, etc.)

Give examples of the child’s language development.  What evidence do you see that indicates the child understands spoken language?  How does she express herself?  As applicable, discuss the child’s literacy skills (reading, composition, math, technology).

*Compare the child to the norms for children this age, using in-text citations.

Social and Emotional Development NAEYC STANDARD 1a

Describe the child’s social interactions with other children, family, relatives, siblings, classmates, etc. (sharing, solving problems, playing and working cooperatively).

What evidence do you see that would indicate a positive or negative self-esteem?  Include observations and examples that might indicate whether the child is generally happy or unhappy, secure or insecure, stressed or relaxed.

What signs do you see that would indicate appropriate or poor emotional adjustment?

As applicable, find out how the child describes him or herself (self-concept).

*Compare the child to the norms for children this age, using in-text citations.

Family and Home Factors NAEYC STANDARD 1b

Describe family conditions that may affect the child’s development.

Identify the size of the family, what family members are present in the home, the marital status of parents or guardians, etc.

Information may be obtained from the caregiver and/or parent.

Based on the research presented in your textbook, describe how each factor may influence the child’s development and learning.

*Include in-text citations to support your descriptions.  Reminder: no opinions are allowed in this section of the paper.

Summary

The summary should include two parts (two different paragraphs).

Part I: On the basis of facts and your observations, summarize the most important factors influencing the child and his/her behavior?  You may offer your interpretations, opinions, and conclusions in this section of the paper.  You should include at least 5 factors.

Part II: NAEYC STANDARD 1c In the second part of the summary, use your knowledge of child development to describe an ideal learning environment for this child (home and/or school).  If you believe the child is already in an ideal learning environment, describe this environment.  Include at least one idea for each of the following: healthy, respectful, supportive, and challenging learning environment.  Paint a picture of this environment with your narrative.

NOTE:  You must include direct quotes for your in-text citations from the Manis (2017) text to support your observations in each section: Physical Development, Cognitive Development, Social and Emotional Development, and Family or Home Factors.  Be sure your in-text citations clearly relate to your observations and explain how they are related.  Use brief quotes from the text, with appropriate in-text citations.  Consult APA resources for correct formatting of in-text citations.  You are also required to have a references page (APA format) at the end of the case study.

Example of a case study in-text citation, using the e text and the paragraph you found the quote:

After reviewing worksheets and homework that Alex completed in pre-k, it is evident that his handwriting has become more legible.  His ability to print the alphabet, write his first and last name, and copy a square, triangle, and circle, demonstrate that he is on track compared to other children his age.  This coincides with information found in the chapter on preschool fine motor development, “As children develop physical coordination, their drawings become more precise and detailed” (Manis, 2017, “Drawing Pictures,” para. 2).  **If you used the actual text, it would be the page number instead of the title and paragraph number (Manis, 2017, p. 45).

OR, if you chose to use a secondary source (the authors cited within Manis) you would need to quote it this way (this is NOT the preferred way):

During the home visit, Jose was observed writing at the kitchen table, using a tripod grip, mentioned in the text.  “Gabbard  (2008) explained “Although the rate of improvement depends greatly on practice, by about age 6 they progress to what is called a tripod grip and hold the pencil or crayon with their thumb, index and middle finger closer to the tip than the end” (as cited in Manis, 2017, “Fine Motor Skills”, para.  2).

APA Guidelines to Follow

The following APA Guidelines are required for TECA 1354 and are included on the grading rubric for the Case Study.  This list is adapted from the APA Quick Reference Guide, University of North Carolina School of Social Work ( HYPERLINK “https://ssw.unc.edu/files/web/pdf/APA_Quick_Reference_Guide.pdf”https://ssw.unc.edu/files/web/pdf/APA_Quick_Reference_Guide.pdf)

This is not intended to be a complete list of APA formatting requirements; rather, these are the requirements for the Case Study.  Please consult Purdue OWL ( HYPERLINK “https://owl.english.purdue.edu/owl/section/2/10/”https://owl.english.purdue.edu/owl/section/2/10/) for the complete formatting guide.

  APA Guidelines required for the Case Study Assignment

Margins

Minimum of 1” margin on all sides

Flush left (ragged right edge)

Font

New Times Roman

Font size

12 pt. for text and headings

Spacing

Double-spaced throughout, including references

Paragraphs

Indent the beginning of a new paragraph 0.5”

Avoid one-sentence paragraphs.

Avoid full-page paragraphs.

Pagination and header

Page numbers begin with the title page (i.e., page 1.  Numbers are placed in the upper right-hand corner.

Allow 5 spaces between the end of the header and the page number.

Title page

Title : Centered Headline: Not Boldface

Student Name

Institution’s Name

Example:

Case Study I:  Infants Through Age Two

Elizabeth L. Cruz

Houston Community College

In-text citations APA format followed.  See examples provided, above, and consult

HYPERLINK “https://owl.excelsior.edu/citation-and-documentation/apa-style/apa-in-text-citations/”https://owl.excelsior.edu/citation-and-documentation/apa-style/apa-in-text-citations/

HYPERLINK “https://owl.english.purdue.edu/owl/section/2/10/”https://owl.english.purdue.edu/owl/section/2/10/)

References pageAPA format followed.

See:

HYPERLINK “https://owl.excelsior.edu/citation-and-documentation/apa-style/apa-references/”https://owl.excelsior.edu/citation-and-documentation/apa-style/apa-references/

HYPERLINK “https://owl.english.purdue.edu/owl/resource/560/05/”https://owl.english.purdue.edu/owl/resource/560/05/

TECA 1354 Child Growth and Development Case Study Rubric    300 points

Student Name:                                                                                                          Case Study #

Criteria

Meets Expectations

36

Approaches Expectation

               24

Falls Below Expectations

15

Does Not Meet Criteria

0

Points

Introduction

Introduction provided a complete picture of the child and included all 7 descriptors listed.

Introduction provided a complete picture of the child and included only 4-6 of the descriptors listed.

Introduction provided an incomplete picture of the child and included only 1-3 of the descriptors listed.

Introduction not included.

Standard 1a.  Know and understand young children’s characteristics and needs

Demonstrates all 3 elements:

-Clearly identify appropriate characteristics for all 3 developmental domains.

– Provide examples (from direct observation) of appropriate characteristics and needs in all 3 developmental domains.

-Compared the child to the norms for children this age, using the text

Demonstrates the ability to:

– Clearly identify appropriate characteristics for 2 developmental domains.

-Provided examples (from direct observation) of appropriate characteristics and needs for 2 developmental domains.

-Compared the child to the norms for children this age, using the text

Demonstrates the ability to:

– Clearly identify appropriate characteristics for 1 developmental domain.

-Provided examples (from direct observation) of appropriate characteristics and needs for 1 developmental domain1.

-Compared the child to the norms for children this age, using the text

Characteristics for developmental domains not identified.

Examples of appropriate characteristics and needs for developmental domains not provided.

Standard 1b.  Know and understand the multiple influences on development and learning

Provided at least 3 factors pertaining to family and home and how each may influence the child’s development and learning.

Provided at least 2 factors pertaining to family and home and how each may influence the child’s development and learning.

Provided at least 1 factor pertaining to family and home and how it may influence the child’s development and learning.

Factors pertaining to family and home and their influence not provided.

Summary Part 1

The summary includes at least 5 of the most important factors influencing the child and his/her behavior.

The summary includes at least 3-4 of the most important factors influencing the child and his/her behavior.

The summary includes at least 1-2 of the most important factors influencing the child and his/her behavior.

Factors influencing the child and his/her behavior not provided

Summary Part 2

Standard 1c.  Use developmental knowledge to create healthy, respectful, supportive, and challenging learning environments

Uses developmental knowledge in the summary by providing at least one idea for each of the following categories: a healthy, supportive, and challenging learning environment for this child.

Uses developmental knowledge in the summary by providing at least 1 idea for 2 of the following categories: a healthy, supportive, and challenging learning environment for this child.

Uses developmental knowledge in the summary by providing at least 1 idea for only 1 of the following categories: a healthy, supportive, and challenging learning environment for this child.

Ideas demonstrating developmental knowledge not provided in any of the categories.

Criteria

Meets Expectations

30

Approaches Expectation

               21

Falls Below Expectations

15

Does Not Meet Criteria

0

Points

Textbook Application with APA Citation

Applied and connected a direct textbook quote, with APA citation, in each of the required sections: physical, cognitive, social/emotional, and family/home factors.

Applied and connected a direct textbook quote, with APA citation, in 2-3 of the required sections.

Applied and connected a direct textbook quote, with APA citation, in only 1 of the required sections.

Did not apply or connect textbook citations to the case study.

Used Factual Information

Gave only facts in the first 5 sections and saved opinions for the summary.

Gave facts for at least 3-4 of the first five sections and saved most opinions for the summary.

Gave facts in only 1-2 of the first five sections

Factual information missing; only opinion provided.

Written Communication CriteriaMeets Expectations

30Approaches Expectation

21Falls Below Expectations

15Does Not Meet Criteria

0PointsSS3 Written & verbal communication

(punctuation, capitalization, grammar, spelling)

All elements present:

-0-3 English mechanics errors

– All section headings

-Formal, academic language

2 elements present:

-5 section headings

– 4-6  English mechanics errors

-formal, academic language

At least 1 element present:

-4 or fewer of section headings

– 7-10 English mechanics errors

-formal, academic language

ALL elements present:

– 3 or fewer section headings

-more than 10 English mechanics errors

-generally lacking formal, academic language

APA Documentation CriteriaMeets Expectations

30Approaches Expectation

21Falls Below Expectations

15Does Not Meet Criteria

0Followed APA Guidelines:

Margins

Font

Font size

Spacing

Paragraphs

Pagination and header

Title page

In-text citations

References page

All 8-9 APA Guidelines followed

At least 5-7 APA Guidelines followed.

At least 2-4 APA Guidelines followed.

No APA Guidelines followed.

TECA 1354 – Case Study

PAGE 6

TECA 1354 – Case Study

PAGE 6

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