Types of Anemia
In clinical settings, patients often present with many different types of anemia. Each type of anemia has its own causes and implications. For this reason, you must be able to differentiate between types of anemia as well as identify factors that put patients at greater risk of experiencing related complications. As you prepare for this Discussion, consider the following patient case studies.
format of paper
answer the following questions is separate paragraphs with bold running heads
1.an explanation of the differential diagnosis for the patient in the case study that you selected.2. Describe the role the patient history, physical exam, and lab reports played in the diagnosis.3. Finally, explain the pathophysiology of the type of anemia that you diagnosed, as 4. well as potential treatment options. Include causes for this type of anemia
Blood clots form in various locations of the body and are not unique to any specific age group or gender. While there are certain risk factors that may make a patient more likely to develop blood clots, essentially any patient is a potential candidate. Unfortunately, blood clots often go unrecognized until something happens. Even if the patient identifies a problem and seeks medical care, blood clots are frequently misdiagnosed resulting in serious medical complications and sometimes death. Why does this happen? How can you, as the advanced practice nurse, protect your patients from misdiagnosis?
• Buttaro, T. M., Trybulski, J., Polgar Bailey, P., & Sandberg-Cook, J. (2013). Primary care: A collaborative practice (4th ed.). St. Louis, MO: Mosby. ?Part 4, “Office Emergencies” ?Chapter 29, “Bradycardia and Tachycardia” (pp. 198–202)
This chapter covers the epidemiology, pathophysiology, clinical presentation, physical examination, and diagnostics of bradycardia and tachycardia. Differential diagnoses for these disorders are also explored.
?Chapter 30, “Cardiac Arrest” (pp. 202–205)
This chapter examines factors contributing to the onset of cardiac arrest, as well as methods for managing patients with cardiac arrest.
?Part 11, “Evaluation and Management of Cardiovascular Disorders” (pp. 487–611)
This part explores diagnostics of cardiovascular disorders, including how to differentiate between normal and abnormal test results. It also outlines components of patient history and physical exams that help determine differential diagnoses for cardiovascular disorders.
?Part 18, “Evaluation and Management of Hematologic Disorders” (pp. 1139–1181)
This part examines causes and effects of hematologic disorders, as well as resulting symptoms and alterations. It also provides a differential diagnosis for hematologic disorders and outlines methods for managing patients.
?Courtenay, M. (2000). Reading and Interpreting the Electrocardiogram. In Advanced nursing skills: Principles and practice (pp. 39–55). London: Greenwich Medical Media. Retrieved from http://assets.cambridge.org/97818411/00364/sample/9781841100364WS.pdf
This chapter examines how the heart functions, as well as how to read and interpret electrocardiograms.
? LearnTheHeart.com. (2005). ECG basics. Retrieved from http://www.learntheheart.com/ecg-review/ecg-interpretation-tutorial/introduction-to-the-ecg/
This website outlines the basics of electrocardiograms (ECG or EKG), including how to interpret results.
?American Heart Association. (n.d.). Retrieved November 28, 2012, from http://www.heart.org/HEARTORG/
?Drugs.com. (n.d.). Retrieved November 28, 2012, from www.drugs.com
?Institute for Safe Medication Practices. (n.d.). Retrieved November 28, 2012, from http://www.ismp.org/
?Million Hearts. (n.d.). Retrieved November 28, 2012, from http://millionhearts.hhs.gov/index.html
?National Heart Lung and Blood Institute. (n.d.). Retrieved November 28, 2012, from http://www.nhlbi.nih.gov/
?WebMD. (2012). Medscape. Retrieved from http://www.medscape.com
week 4 discussion 2
Advanced Practice Care of Adults Across the Life Span (NURS – 6531N – 20)