What is meant by the term innate immunity and what are the three kinds of barriers of innate immunity?/What are the major features of the inflammatory response?/ What are the major features of the adaptive immune response?/What are some of the physical and mechanical barriers that protect the body from invasion?/What is the human microbiome, and how does it contribute to the body’s defenses?/What are the major components of the inflammatory response?/What is complement and what are the classic, alternative, and MB-lectin pathways for complement activation?/What else does the clotting system contribute to inflammation and what is the kinin system, and what are its effects?/What are some of the most important cells of inflammation?/Briefly describe the role of interleukins, interferons and tumor necrosis factors./ What are some of the most important cells of inflammation?/ What are the major products released by mast cells, and what are their effects?/What are the major phagocytes of the inflammatory response, and how do they move to the area of injury?/What is the role of neutrophils in inflammation and how do macrophages contribute to inflammation?/What are the major types of inflammatory exudate?/What causes the local manifestations of acute inflammation?/What are the characteristic cells of chronic inflammation?/Describe phases I, II and III in wound healing./How do healing by primary intention and secondary intention differ?/What are the mechanisms by which healing can become dysfunctional during the acute inflammatory response?.

Week 4 Discussion question

Please select one of the following questions, and provide 150 – 200 word answer. Make sure you include the question with the answer so that everybody knows what question is being discussed.

*** After you finish, I will send you the two post that needs responses. The responses are supposed to be substantial comments. Substantial responses are not statements like “I agree”, or “I like your response” etc. The statement should include additional information enhancing content of the original post. ***

What is meant by the term innate immunity and what are the three kinds of barriers of innate immunity?

What are the major features of the inflammatory response?

What are the major features of the adaptive immune response?

What are some of the physical and mechanical barriers that protect the body from invasion?

What is the human microbiome, and how does it contribute to the body’s defenses?

What are the major components of the inflammatory response?

What is complement and what are the classic, alternative, and MB-lectin pathways for complement activation?

What else does the clotting system contribute to inflammation and what is the kinin system, and what are its effects?

What are some of the most important cells of inflammation?

Briefly describe the role of interleukins, interferons and tumor necrosis factors.

What are some of the most important cells of inflammation?

What are the major products released by mast cells, and what are their effects?

What are the major phagocytes of the inflammatory response, and how do they move to the area of injury?

What is the role of neutrophils in inflammation and how do macrophages contribute to inflammation?

What are the major types of inflammatory exudate?

What causes the local manifestations of acute inflammation?

What are the characteristic cells of chronic inflammation?

Describe phases I, II and III in wound healing.

How do healing by primary intention and secondary intention differ?

What are the mechanisms by which healing can become dysfunctional during the acute inflammatory response?

______________________________________________________

Round up exercise

You’ve learned the basics of probability theory and how to calculate probabilities of outcomes in various circumstances.

1. Make up an original “real life” example (e.g., not card decks or dice) of how to use the multiplication rule to determine the probability of an outcome. Explain why the events in your example are either dependent or independent. (5 points)

–Answer below:

2. Make up an original “real life” example (e.g., not card decks or dice) of how to use the addition rule to determine the probability of an outcome. Explain why the events in your example are either mutually exclusive or not mutually exclusive. (5 points)

–Answer below:

Create a scenario where the binomial probability formula could be used to determine the probability of some number of successes, x, in some given number of trials, n. Base your scenario on a situation that you might be familiar with, for example, at work or at school. Start with a paragraph of text describing your scenario and the variable involved, and then complete the following:

1. Describe the possible outcomes of a set of trials involving this variable, and explain why it can be described as a binomial experiment. (5 points) –Answer below:

2. Assign values for p and q, suggest possible values for x and n in a hypothetical set of experimental trials, and calculate the probability of x successes in n trials given those values. Show all work. (5 points) –Answer below:

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What is meant by the term innate immunity and what are the three kinds of barriers of innate immunity?/What are the major features of the inflammatory response?/ What are the major features of the adaptive immune response?/What are some of the physical and mechanical barriers that protect the body from invasion?/What is the human microbiome, and how does it contribute to the body’s defenses?/What are the major components of the inflammatory response?/What is complement and what are the classic, alternative, and MB-lectin pathways for complement activation?/What else does the clotting system contribute to inflammation and what is the kinin system, and what are its effects?/What are some of the most important cells of inflammation?/Briefly describe the role of interleukins, interferons and tumor necrosis factors./ What are some of the most important cells of inflammation?/ What are the major products released by mast cells, and what are their effects?/What are the major phagocytes of the inflammatory response, and how do they move to the area of injury?/What is the role of neutrophils in inflammation and how do macrophages contribute to inflammation?/What are the major types of inflammatory exudate?/What causes the local manifestations of acute inflammation?/What are the characteristic cells of chronic inflammation?/Describe phases I, II and III in wound healing./How do healing by primary intention and secondary intention differ?/What are the mechanisms by which healing can become dysfunctional during the acute inflammatory response?.

Week 4 Discussion question

Please select one of the following questions, and provide 150 – 200 word answer. Make sure you include the question with the answer so that everybody knows what question is being discussed.

*** After you finish, I will send you the two post that needs responses. The responses are supposed to be substantial comments. Substantial responses are not statements like “I agree”, or “I like your response” etc. The statement should include additional information enhancing content of the original post. ***

What is meant by the term innate immunity and what are the three kinds of barriers of innate immunity?

What are the major features of the inflammatory response?

What are the major features of the adaptive immune response?

What are some of the physical and mechanical barriers that protect the body from invasion?

What is the human microbiome, and how does it contribute to the body’s defenses?

What are the major components of the inflammatory response?

What is complement and what are the classic, alternative, and MB-lectin pathways for complement activation?

What else does the clotting system contribute to inflammation and what is the kinin system, and what are its effects?

What are some of the most important cells of inflammation?

Briefly describe the role of interleukins, interferons and tumor necrosis factors.

What are some of the most important cells of inflammation?

What are the major products released by mast cells, and what are their effects?

What are the major phagocytes of the inflammatory response, and how do they move to the area of injury?

What is the role of neutrophils in inflammation and how do macrophages contribute to inflammation?

What are the major types of inflammatory exudate?

What causes the local manifestations of acute inflammation?

What are the characteristic cells of chronic inflammation?

Describe phases I, II and III in wound healing.

How do healing by primary intention and secondary intention differ?

What are the mechanisms by which healing can become dysfunctional during the acute inflammatory response?

______________________________________________________

Round up exercise

You’ve learned the basics of probability theory and how to calculate probabilities of outcomes in various circumstances.

1. Make up an original “real life” example (e.g., not card decks or dice) of how to use the multiplication rule to determine the probability of an outcome. Explain why the events in your example are either dependent or independent. (5 points)

–Answer below:

2. Make up an original “real life” example (e.g., not card decks or dice) of how to use the addition rule to determine the probability of an outcome. Explain why the events in your example are either mutually exclusive or not mutually exclusive. (5 points)

–Answer below:

Create a scenario where the binomial probability formula could be used to determine the probability of some number of successes, x, in some given number of trials, n. Base your scenario on a situation that you might be familiar with, for example, at work or at school. Start with a paragraph of text describing your scenario and the variable involved, and then complete the following:

1. Describe the possible outcomes of a set of trials involving this variable, and explain why it can be described as a binomial experiment. (5 points) –Answer below:

2. Assign values for p and q, suggest possible values for x and n in a hypothetical set of experimental trials, and calculate the probability of x successes in n trials given those values. Show all work. (5 points) –Answer below:

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Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *