Causes, Symptoms, and Treatments

TASK

Post your initial response to one of the scenarios below.

Causes, Symptoms, and Treatments

Using the South University Online Library, the Internet and your textbook, research the causes, symptoms, recommended diagnostic tests, possible treatments, and expected outcomes for disorders in the following systems:

  • Head and neck
  • Oropharynx
  • Eye and the visual system

Scenario 1

A 50-year-old woman is admitted with chief complaints of headache and decreased range of motion in her neck. She also complains of vertigo, hearing loss in one ear, profuse sweating, and uncontrollable eye movements. Her past medical history indicates that she was in a motor vehicle accident three days before her admission.

  • What are the possible causes of these symptoms?
  • What specific diagnostic testing would you recommend? Why?
  • What conditions should be ruled out? Why?
    • How would you distinguish between these conditions?

Scenario 2

While interviewing and examining a 17-year-old male, you discover a white patch on his buccal mucosa and slanting palpebral fissures in his eyes. He also states during the interview that he plays baseball and is hoping to earn an athletic scholarship to college.

  • What do you suspect?
  • What kind of client teaching is appropriate in this situation?
    • Discuss appropriate educational materials for health promotion and disease prevention
  • When would slanting palpebral fissures be normal?
  • While performing a retinal exam on this patient, you find the margins of the optic disc are blurred and indistinct.
    • What further testing would be required? Why
  • What is the foremost cause of this clinical finding?

 

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