1. Johnson & Johnson, a major health and beauty manufacturer, recently announced a commitment to eliminate forest destruction from its palm oil supply. (Points : 4)
Question 2.2. The authors of the HANDY model conclude that “if we continue to over-deplete nature, and if inequality continues such that the rich consume far more than the poor, the system eventually collapses.” (Points : 4)
Question 3.3. The most important behaviors of even very complex systems can often be explained in terms of feedback interactions between a relatively small number of key variables. (Points : 4)
Question 4.4. The overall conclusion of the HANDY model is that the collapse of civilization can be avoided and the human population can reach equilibrium if: (Points : 4)
mandatory birth control is required in all societies.
resources are distributed in a reasonably equitable fashion.
technological advances accelerate.
the per capita rate of depletion of nature is reduced to a sustainable level.
all of the above.
“b” and “d” above are true.
“c” and “d” above are true.
Question 5.5. Climate Change induced ocean acidity caused by CO2 emissions from the burning of fossil fuels is dissolving the shells of important plankton in the Pacific. (Points : 4)
Question 6.6. Use this diagram (Dyball & Newell Figure 6.10; modified version Module 3, page 28 figures 6.10 a, b, and c) to explain Dyball and Newell’s concept of Convergence in your own words. In your essay, compare and contrast “a”, “b” and “c” as depicted in the diagram, and explain why the situation depicted in “b” is impossible. Which part of the diagram shows the greatest level of social justice? Explain. Explain what must happen to achieve “c”? Which is the best human-ecological solution? Why?
(Points : 20)
Question 7.7. Describe and explain, in your own words, a human-ecological problem in your community, region or state.
Who are the various stakeholders?
What are their positions?
Describe some common ground between the stakeholders, which even they may not be aware of!
What are the social justice issues involved in this conflict?
What are some possible solutions? (Points : 20)
Question 8.8. Explain, in your own words, why the Paradigm of Unlimited Growth is wrong.
Include a discussion of limits in nature.
Include a discussion of why unlimited economic growth is impossible.
Refer to the “Footprint Analysis” that you completed.
Relate the concept of social justice to the paradigm of unlimited economic growth.
How could this paradigm be changed? (Points : 20)
Question 9.9. List “Six Impossible Things” that you do during the day.
Analyze each of these and explain how they affect the ecology of “distant lands” and how they affect the people who make or recycle the products that you use or grow the food that you eat.
For each of these, what could you do to lessen your impact and promote more social justice and equity in the world? (Points : 20)