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In this assignment you will demonstrate your understanding of capital investment techniques by evaluating the following three case studies.
Case Analysis 1 –
Weight 20% of total assignment You work for a small, local telecommunications company. In five years, the company plans to undertake a major upgrade to its servers and other IT infrastructure. Management estimates that it will need up to $450,000 to cover all related costs; however, as a fairly young company, the goal is to pay for the upgrade with cash and not to take out loans. Right now, you have $300,000 in a bank account established for Capital Investments. This account pays 6% interest, compounded annually. A member of the finance department has approached you with an investment opportunity for the $300,000 that covers a five-year period and has the following projected after-tax cash flows: Year Projected Cash Flow 1 $94,000 2 $114,000 3 $134,000 4 $114,000 5 $94,000 Based on this information, answer the following questions: 1) How much money will be in the bank account if you leave the $300,000 alone until you need it in five years? 2) If you undertake the investment opportunity, what is the Nominal Payback Period? 3) Using the factors for 6%, what is the Discounted Payback Period? 4) What is the Net Present Value of this investment opportunity? 5) Which option – make the investment or leave the money in a savings account – would you recommend to your CEO? Why? What additional factors/information might make you change your point of view?
Weight 30% of total assignment
The CEO of Dynamic Manufacturing was at a conference and talked to a supplier about a new piece of equipment for its production process that she believes will produce ongoing cost savings. As the Operations Manager, your CEO has asked for your perspective on whether or not to purchase the machinery. After talking to the supplier and meeting with your Engineers and Financial Analysts, you’ve gathered the following pieces of data: • Cost of Machine: $150,000 • Estimated Annual After Tax Cash Flow Savings: $65,000 (which may or may not grow) • Estimated machinery life: 3-5 years (after which there will be zero value for the equipment and no further cost savings) • You seem to recall that Dynamic’s Finance organization recommends either a 10% or a 15% discount rate for all Cost Savings Projects. From your JWMI MBA, you understand that you need to understand the project financials to ensure that this investment will be economically attractive to Dynamic Manufacturing’s shareholders. Calculate the Nominal Payback, the Discounted Payback, the Net Present Value and the IRR (so 4 answers for each scenario) assuming: • Alice (A) recommends using the base assumptions above: 3 year project life, flat annual savings, 10% discount rate • Bill (B) recommends savings that grow each year: 3 year project life, 10% discount rate and a 10% compounded annual savings growth in years 2 & 3. In other words, instead of assuming savings stay flat, assume that they will grow by 10% in year 2, and then grow another 10% over year 3 in year • Carla (C) believes we use a higher Discount Rate because of the risk of this type of project: 3 year project life, flat annual savings, 15% discount rate. • Danny (D) is convinced the machine will last longer than 3 years. He recommends using a 5 Year Equipment Life: 5 year project and savings life, flat annual savings, 10% discount rate. In other words, assume that the machine will last 2 more years and deliver 2 more years of savings. Discussion – in a Word Document in paragraph form, respond to the following: 1) Which person’s scenario would you present to management and why? From a strictly financial (numbers) perspective, would you recommend this purchase to management? 2) In your opinion, which person’s scenario is the most aggressive (i.e., is based on the most aggressive assumptions)? If you were to select this scenario as the basis for your proposal, how would you justify the more aggressive assumptions? 3) In SIMPLE English (as in talking to a non-Finance and non-MBA person), explain why there is value to management in running all 4 of these scenarios. 4) Beyond financial measures, what other considerations would you want to consider, before making a recommendation to management? 5) If you were the CEO, would you approve this proposal? Why or why not?
You are the General Manager at the Bicker, Slaughter, and Lynch Law Firm. There is an opportunity to buy out a small law firm that was just started by a young MBA/JD, and you believe the firm can be grown and become a lucrative part of your Firm. With help from your finance leader, you have estimated the following benefit streams for this new division: You estimate that the purchase price for this firm would be $200,000 and that additional net working capital would be needed in the amount of $60,000 in year 0, an additional $20,000 in year 2 and then $20,000 in year 5. BSL usually spend about $275,000 per year in advertising. If you make this acquisition, you would ask that advertising spending be increased by an incremental one-time amount of $50,000 in year 0 to publicize the firm’s expansion. Your finance leader has indicated that the firm has access to a credit line and could borrow the funds at a rate of 6%. He also mentions that when he runs project economics for capital budgeting (such as a new copier or a company car), he recommends a standard 10% rate discount, but the one other time they looked at an acquisition of a smaller firm, he used a 12% rate discount. Obviously you will want to select the most appropriate discount rate for this type of project.