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Request: you are tasked to write a 500-word introductory essay to submit along with your final bibliography.

Request: you are tasked to write a 500-word introductory essay to submit along with your final bibliography. The essay should appear above the bibliography itself, at the top of document. You will only submit one document that contains the essay and the annotated bibliography.

The essay should contain an overview of the topic and feature the themes that your bibliography covers.

(The  annotated bibliography I already post for you, you should write the 500 word introductory eassy, and follow the request and put them together  )

Running head: ANNOTATED BIBLIOGRAPHY OF CLIMATE CHANGE 1

ANNOTATED BIBLIOGRAPHY OF CLIMATE CHANGE 2

Annotated Bibliography of Climate Change

Student

Institution

Date

IPCC (2007): Climate Change 2007: Synthesis Report. Contribution of Working Groups I, II and III to the Fourth Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change [Core Writing Team, Pachauri, R.K and Reisinger, A.(eds.)]. IPCC, Geneva, Switzerland, 104 p.

This report by the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change summarizes research that was carried out by three groups on climate change. the first group based its research on the science of climate change as well as its past, current, and future effects on weather patterns and the environment. It also did the projections of climate change for the next 20, 50, and 100 years. The second group based their research on how climate change may impact or is impacting people in their local environment in different geographical locations of the world. The third group explored mitigations of climate change. This article is relevant to this study since it is based on climate change. It will provide useful information relating to cause of climate change, its effects and mitigations for climate change. Understanding this issue of climate change is possible through going through this article.

Anisimov, O.A.; Vaughan, D.G.; Callaghan, T.V.; Furgal, C.; Marchant, H.; Prowse, T.D.;

Vilhjálmsson, H.; and Walsh, J.E. (2007): Polar regions (Arctic and

Antarctic), in Climate Change 2007: Impacts, Adaptation and Vulnerability. Contribution of Working Group II to the Fourth Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on

Climate Change; Cambridge University Press, Cambridge p. 653-685.

This article by Anisimov and colleagues is based on climate change. The authors narrow down their research to give summary of wide range of scientific research, both social and natural, that has been done by different scientists relating to the vulnerability of Antarctic and arctic ecosystems and communities to the effects of climate change, and the capacity of these ecosystems and communities to adapt the these effects. Another important thing that is discussed by the authors is traditional knowledge, which provides different sides of indigenous cultures that will be impacted by climate change. The methods for coming up with adaptation strategies for communities to respond to climate change are also discussed by the authors. This article is relevant to this study of climate change. It gives useful information related to how certain ecosystems and communities will be affected by climate change. Projecting change to the climate of certain regions can be made possible through the use of this article.

Strayer, D. L. and D. Dudgeon (2010). “Freshwater biodiversity conservation: recent progress

and future challenges.” Journal of the North American Benthological Society 29(1): 344-358.

This article by Strayer and Dudgeon is one of the best discussions relating to the state of freshwater biodiversity and climate change. The article is well written and designed for scientific audiences. The article describes severity and urgency of the threat caused by climate change to fresh water biodiversity. It also touches on extinctions together with continued exploitation of water resources by humans. Other things that are described in the article are anthropogenic threats, geographic patterns, policy that is in existence, and management. The authors state that there is the need for urgent action and research with regards to climate change, policy, and management. This article is relevant since it gives details relating to climate change and its effect on freshwater biodiversity. It is useful because it acknowledges that the effect of climate change is threatening biodiversity. The bad thing with this article is that very little relating to climate change has been discussed.

Hellmann, J. J., J. E. Byers, et al. (2008). “Five potential consequences of climate change for

invasive species.” Conservation Biology 22(3): 534-543.

Hellmann and colleagues based their research on climate change and invasive species. The authors give clear explanation of main ways through which climate change will alter the location and effect of invasive species. The authors use scientific language that is readable. Descriptive and accessible assessment relating to the link between climate change and invasive species is given. It ties together what people have learned from models and what has been learned from experimentation and observation. Also addressed is how the management of invasive species may change with regards to climate change. This section is not very long, but the good thing is that it has been explained well. The relevance of the article is that it is based on climate change. There are few article based on climate change and its effect on invasive species, but this article gives useful information relating to the relationship between the two.

Northwest Territories Environment and Natural Resources (2008): NWT Climate Impacts and

Adaptation Report 2008; Government of Northwest Territories, NWT.

This article is a good source of information for the effect of climate change in different regions. However, it has been narrowed down to focus on Northwest Territories. It also discusses adaptation methods that governments of different territories are considering and developing to deal with the effects of climate change. Also there is future planning for adaptation strategies that are effective when it comes to dealing with future effects caused by continued trends of climate change. The effects of climate change are well organized since they are categorized relating to the following themes: precipitation, ice condition, permafrost and water, wildlife, forest, culture and heritage, and human health. The categories give good them for analyzing the effects of climate change. Information on how climate change affects different areas can be gotten from this article. This means it is relevant are useful for this study. How to deal with this problem of climate change can be understood through reading this article.

Inkley, D., M. G. Anderson, et al. (2004). Global climate change and wildlife in America. K. E. M. Galley. Bethesda Maryland, The Wildlife Society.

Inkley and colleagues give a more detailed as well as technical approach to examining and assessing the effects of climate change on species in the United States. Some climate models seen in the country are given. How the models are likely to affect ecosystem, such wildlife is discussed. The authors give profound analysis of how climate change will impact different regions and species. The implication of climate change to protected areas has been explained well. Finally, the authors give recommendations relating to policy and management. This article is relevant to this study since it is based on climate change. It will provide crucial information relating to cause of climate change, its effects on species, and mitigations for climate change. Getting to know issue on climate change is possible through going through this article. This makes this article to be important for this research. Climate change is something that cannot be ignored.

References

Anisimov, O.A.; Vaughan, D.G.; Callaghan, T.V.; Furgal, C.; Marchant, H.; Prowse, T.D.;

Vilhjálmsson, H.; and Walsh, J.E. (2007): Polar regions (Arctic and

Antarctic), in Climate Change 2007: Impacts, Adaptation and Vulnerability. Contribution of Working Group II to the Fourth Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on

Climate Change; Cambridge University Press, Cambridge p. 653-685.

Hellmann, J. J., J. E. Byers, et al. (2008). “Five potential consequences of climate change for

invasive species.” Conservation Biology 22(3): 534-543.

Inkley, D., M. G. Anderson, et al. (2004). Global climate change and wildlife in America. K. E. M. Galley. Bethesda Maryland, The Wildlife Society.

IPCC (2007): Climate Change 2007: Synthesis Report. Contribution of Working Groups I, II and III to the Fourth Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change [Core Writing Team, Pachauri, R.K and Reisinger, A.(eds.)]. IPCC, Geneva, Switzerland, 104 p.

Northwest Territories Environment and Natural Resources (2008): NWT Climate Impacts and

Adaptation Report 2008; Government of Northwest Territories, NWT.

Strayer, D. L. and D. Dudgeon (2010). “Freshwater biodiversity conservation: recent progress

and future challenges.” Journal of the North American Benthological Society 29(1): 344-358.

 

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