The History of Christianity in Western Europe
Civilization in Western Europe history encompasses mostly the initial civilization of humans. These initial civilizations included that of Mesopotamia, the Hebrews as well as Egyptians which are dated around 3000- 5000BC. However, assimilation later took over due to such factors as education and change in cultures as well as philosophies (Marvin et al., 2015). Definition of religion also came from these civilizations as it is well depicted in the Old Testament. For example, the collapse of Babylonian dynasty in 539 BC leads to the arrest of Nebuchadnezzar (Marvin et al., 2015).
This was the embodiment of people with excellent knowledgeable skills especially in future years of its civilization. Hellenism marked the three phases of civilization in Greece. Hellenic age 800BC was the first followed by the Hellenistic age (Marvin et al., 2015). The last one was the Greco—Roman age. The first phase, the Hellenism was characterized by people living in polis. In this way of life they had a political system. They were very reserved and avoided external associations and only believed in existence of two kinds of people, the Greeks and Barbarians. Death of Alexander the Great marked the end of this phase.
Hellenistic age 30BC, which was the second phase was marked with drastically changing the Greece’s history and it initiated after the death of Alexander. This replaced their narrow-mindedness with knowledge of a wider universe thus they now associated themselves with the rest of the world civilization (Marvin et al., 2015).
Greco-Roman age was the last one and entails the era of the Roman Empire dominating and subduing other territories and the fall of its half dynasty later.
It was the second phase of The Greek civilization and was embodied with major advancements that altered the people’s way of life and also religion. Conquests that were brought about by Alexander the Great enabled Greeks to interact with other people and through this process, their narrow-mindedness of the polis was abolished and embraced the monarchs which they had despised in the Hellenic age. Through this, they were able to develop their businesses, embrace cosmopolitan and urbanization, spread civilization as well as improve legendary works. The literary works advancement, like poetry led to an elite class of philosophers whom were divided into four and they all had a different view on life itself. During this time Christianity begun to take roots and was viewed differently.
Philosophers in this age were of a much difference from those of Hellenic age. They did not have interest in fathoming science of nature; however, they were critics who embraced finding ways for happy living and spiritual composure. Greek civilization spread rapidly as people had brought about fear and anxiety and relief of mind that people wanted once you were in the Christianity. The amplified need to seek consolation and hope fueled Christianity thus diminishing of traditional religion.
Roman Empire and Early middle Ages
Romans history is divided into the republican in 509Bc and the Empire in 27BC. Its earliest religion was marked with Etruscan gods whom controlled and governed the monarchy before being subdued and conquered by the Patricians.
Religion is a fragile aspect of life and as always been majorly influenced by the people in leadership. It underwent through many dynamic changes as it spread from place to place.
Marvin, P., Myrna, C., James, J., Margaret, J & Jonathan, D.W. (2015). Western Civilization: To 1789 Volume I: Ideas, Politics, and Society (11th Revised edition). Wadsworth Publishing, Vol. 1, (Chapters 1-33).