Case: Sany Heavy Industry Co., Ltd
The Sany Heavy Industry Co., Ltd is Chinaâ€s largest pro- ducer of heavy equipment. In fact, it is the fifth largest producer of this type of equipment globally. In 2014, its revenue was decreasing because of the downturn of overall GNP in China. Sanyâ€s total sales revenue in 2012 was $12.9 billion, well behind industry leader Caterpillar at $65.9 billion. However, Sany has a goal of eventually unseating Caterpillar as the industry leader. Sany plans to achieve $47 billion in annual sales within 10 years. Sany has already surpassed Caterpillar as a leader in its Chinese domestic markets.
Sany has four core businesses: (1) cranes, (2) road construction machinery, (3) port machinery, and (4) pumpover machinery. While each is distinct, some similar technologies are used in the production and equipment. Furthermore, similar technologies allow similarities in production processes and equipment for certain parts. Therefore, there is a transfer of knowledge across these businesses. In addition, customers and mar- kets share some similarities because all relate to some form of construction. For this reason, in the United States, Sany has become a major sponsor of a Chevrolet on the NASCAR auto racing circuit. Sany Americaâ€s marketing director, Joe Hanneman, said that research showed NASCAR racing events to be the primary recre- ation event for people in the U.S. construction industry.
Sany invests 5 percent of its annual sales in R&D to continuously improve the quality of existing products, identify new technologies, and develop new products. Through the end of 2012, Sany held 3,303 patents as a result of its R&D efforts. Indicative of its intent to be a technological leader in its industry, Sany has developed new postdoctoral research centers to attract top research scientists. In 2013, the company was awarded Chinaâ€s National Technology Invention Prize for its â€œsuper- length-boomâ€ technology.
Although it has been pursuing technological inno- vations, Sany was recently accused of patent violations by Manitowoc, a diversified producer of equipment including large cranes. In 2014, a judgement went against Sany concluding â€œone Sany crane product infringed one of Manitowocâ€s patents and that six trade secrets of Manitowoc were both protectable as trade secrets and misappropriated.â€ This is a negative signal for Sany as it seeks to pursue more diversified growth outside of China.
Sany continues to grow organically and through acquisitions. For example, in 2012, it acquired Putzmeister, a well-known concrete pump manufacturer. In addition, it has established subsidiaries in many countries, including the United States, Germany, and Brazil, to enhance its inter- national equipment sales and broaden its market reach. Largely because of its major goal of internationalization, it is moving its corporate headquarters from Changsha to Beijing for enriched international connections.
Question: How does the level of change in gross domestic product (indicator of country economic health) influence a firm like Sany?
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