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February 7, 2019
What philosophies and theories from the literature of nursing and other disciplines/domains are consistent with these concepts?
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What non dairy foods could she add to improve her calcium intake?

What non dairy foods could she add to improve her calcium intake?

HYPERTENSION Rashamel is a 43-year-old African-American man. His father died of a stroke at the age of 54 as a result of
undiagnosed and untreated high blood pressure. Rashamel wants to live to see his grandchildren, so he exercises as often as
he can, about three times a week, quit smoking, and watches his diet and weight. Despite these efforts, at his recent
physical his blood pressure was 138/87, in the prehypertension category. To try to reduce his blood pressure to a healthier
level, his doctor suggests a change in diet and refers him to a dietitian. A 24-hour recall reveals that Rashamel is
maintaining a normal body weight of 175 lbs at 6 feet 2 inches height, by consuming ~ 2600 kcalories per day. After
evaluating his current diet, the dietitian recommends he follow the DASH Eating Plan to reduce his blood pressure. Rashamel’s
current diet is shown here.

Current Diet:
Breakfast: Dinner:
Orange Juice 1/2 cup Baked Chicken 5 ounces
1% Milk 1 cup Rice 1 cup
Wheaties 1 cup (1 oz) Lettuce 1 cup
Whole Wheat Toast 1 slice Salad dressing 1 Tb
Jelly and Margarine 1 tsp each Dinner Roll 1 small (1 slice equiv.)
Coffee, black 2 cups Margarine 1 tsp
Cantaloupe ½ cup
Lunch: Iced Tea (sweetened) 12 fl.oz.
Tuna fish w/ mayo ¾ cup (3 oz tuna)
Wheat Bread 2 slices Snacks:
Cola 20 ounces Cola 1 can
Dried apricots 5 halves (1/4 c)
Milky Way Candy Bar 1 fun size

Rashamel’s Current Diet Analysis Results:
Sodium 2466 mg
Potassium 2886 mg
Calcium 670 mg
Magnesium 281 mg

What is Rashamel’s %DRI for:

Sodium______ %DRI Potassium ______ %DRI Calcium ______%DRI Magnesium______ %DRI
Hint: All DRI recommendations are listed in the front of your text. There are 1000 mg in 1 gm.
Vitamin D and Calcium DRI’s have since been updated. Check the class slides for these or go to:

These are all micronutrients directly linked to hypertension.

Go to and go to SuperTracker program. Click on “Food-A-Pedia” and enter your suggested sources of
dietary sources of nutrients of concern in the search box. Next to the bar labeled “Food Info” click on the “Nutrient Info”
tab. Scroll down to check micronutrient contents. (Look for dietary sources for potassium on page 431 of your text.
Calcium and Magnesium are listed in Ch 11 of your text.)

Can you get Rashamel to meet 100% of his DRI for potassium? (Remember the DASH Diet recommendations from previous page.)
Food (include volume/amount!) Amount of Potassium mg
i.e. ½ cup of cereal……etc. Current intake 2886 mg

Do the same as above for magnesium: (Also consider the DASH Diet recommendations from previous page here as well.)
Food (include volume/amount!) Amount of Magnesium mg
Current intake 281 mg

If Rashamel added the DASH diet servings of recommended foods, what foods might he need to omit from his diet to keep his
total kcal in line with his recommendations so that he doesn’t gain weight? (i.e. What foods does he consume which are not
nutrient dense?)

Mia is 55 years old. Although she has no symptoms, she is worried about her risk for osteoporosis. Her mother is 75 and
recently suffered a fractured hip due to reduced bone density caused by osteoporosis. Her previously independent mother is
now living in a nursing home and struggling to return to her former life. Mia is frightened that she will face the same
Although Mia does not drink a lot of milk, she knows that other dairy products and many other foods are good sources of
calcium. She records what she eats and drinks for a day (shown below) to estimate her typical calcium intake.

TOTALS: 1989 kcal 695 mg Calcium

What is Mia’s DRI (AI) for calcium? ____________

How does Mia’s intake compare to her recommendations for calcium intake? _________ %DRI?

What non dairy foods could she add to improve her calcium intake?
List at least two other dietary strategies Mia could address (besides increasing calcium intake – what other nutrients impact
bone health?) and two lifestyle changes which Mia could consider (if necessary) which may affect her current osteoporosis

Dietary Strategies:

Lifestyle Change:
Hanna is a 23-year-old student from South Carolina. She has been feeling tired and run down all semester. She recently read
an article about iron deficiency in young women and became concerned about her iron status. She decides to go to the health
center where she has her blood drawn. The results of her tests indicate that she does not have iron deficiency anemia, but
her iron stores are very low. Hanna decides to try to increase the amount of iron she gets from her diet before considering
iron supplements. She consumes a lacto-ovo vegetarian diet meaning she consumes dairy products and eggs but no meat. Her
typical diet is shown on the right.
Diet Analysis Results for Hanna:
Iron 11 mg
As a 23 year old female vegetarian, what is Hanna’s DRI for iron? %DRI?

DRI: _________ mg Iron %DRI? __________

What non meat non fortified foods could Hanna add to increase the iron content in her diet?
What one other strategy could Hanna add or subtract to her diet above to increase the absorption of iron in her meals? (Do
not suggest she take an iron supplement, or for her to add meat!)




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